Assistant Professor
+1 415 476-1034
+1 415 502-4186


Dorrier CE, Aran D, Haenelt EA, Sheehy RN, Hoi KK, Pintaric L, Chen Y, Lizama CO, Cautivo KM, Weiner GA, Popko B, Fancy SPJ, Arnold TD, Daneman R. CNS fibroblasts form a fibrotic scar in response to immune cell infiltration. Nat Neurosci. 2021 Feb; 24(2):234-244.
Santander N, Lizama CO, Meky E, McKinsey GL, Jung B, Sheppard D, Betsholtz C, Arnold TD. Lack of Flvcr2 impairs brain angiogenesis without affecting the blood-brain barrier. J Clin Invest. 2020 Aug 03; 130(8):4055-4068.
McKinsey GL, Lizama CO, Keown-Lang AE, Niu A, Santander N, Larpthaveesarp A, Chee E, Gonzalez FF, Arnold TD. A new genetic strategy for targeting microglia in development and disease. Elife. 2020 06 23; 9.
Jensen LD, Hot B, Ramsköld D, Germano RFV, Yokota C, Giatrellis S, Lauschke VM, Hubmacher D, Li MX, Hupe M, Arnold TD, Sandberg R, Frisén J, Trusohamn M, Martowicz A, Wisniewska-Kruk J, Nyqvist D, Adams RH, Apte SS, Vanhollebeke B, Stenman JM, Kele J. Disruption of the Extracellular Matrix Progressively Impairs Central Nervous System Vascular Maturation Downstream of ß-Catenin Signaling. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2019 07; 39(7):1432-1447.
Arnold TD, Lizama CO, Cautivo KM, Santander N, Lin L, Qiu H, Huang EJ, Liu C, Mukouyama YS, Reichardt LF, Zovein AC, Sheppard D. Impaired aVß8 and TGFß signaling lead to microglial dysmaturation and neuromotor dysfunction. J Exp Med. 2019 04 01; 216(4):900-915.
Yamazaki T, Nalbandian A, Uchida Y, Li W, Arnold TD, Kubota Y, Yamamoto S, Ema M, Mukouyama YS. Tissue Myeloid Progenitors Differentiate into Pericytes through TGF-ß Signaling in Developing Skin Vasculature. Cell Rep. 2017 03 21; 18(12):2991-3004.
Jung B, Arnold TD, Raschperger E, Gaengel K, Betsholtz C. Visualization of vascular mural cells in developing brain using genetically labeled transgenic reporter mice. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2018 03; 38(3):456-468.
Reed NI, Jo H, Chen C, Tsujino K, Arnold TD, DeGrado WF, Sheppard D. The avß1 integrin plays a critical in vivo role in tissue fibrosis. Sci Transl Med. 2015 May 20; 7(288):288ra79.
Sohet F, Lin C, Munji RN, Lee SY, Ruderisch N, Soung A, Arnold TD, Derugin N, Vexler ZS, Yen FT, Daneman R. LSR/angulin-1 is a tricellular tight junction protein involved in blood-brain barrier formation. J Cell Biol. 2015 Mar 16; 208(6):703-11.
Arnold TD, Niaudet C, Pang MF, Siegenthaler J, Gaengel K, Jung B, Ferrero GM, Mukouyama YS, Fuxe J, Akhurst R, Betsholtz C, Sheppard D, Reichardt LF. Excessive vascular sprouting underlies cerebral hemorrhage in mice lacking aVß8-TGFß signaling in the brain. Development. 2014 Dec; 141(23):4489-99.
Lakhe-Reddy S, Li V, Arnold TD, Khan S, Schelling JR. Mesangial cell avß8-integrin regulates glomerular capillary integrity and repair. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2014 Jun 15; 306(12):F1400-9.
Henderson NC, Arnold TD, Katamura Y, Giacomini MM, Rodriguez JD, McCarty JH, Pellicoro A, Raschperger E, Betsholtz C, Ruminski PG, Griggs DW, Prinsen MJ, Maher JJ, Iredale JP, Lacy-Hulbert A, Adams RH, Sheppard D. Targeting of av integrin identifies a core molecular pathway that regulates fibrosis in several organs. Nat Med. 2013 Dec; 19(12):1617-24.
Arnold TD, Zang K, Vallejo-Illarramendi A. Deletion of integrin-linked kinase from neural crest cells in mice results in aortic aneurysms and embryonic lethality. Dis Model Mech. 2013 Sep; 6(5):1205-12.
Shang Y, Doan CN, Arnold TD, Lee S, Tang AA, Reichardt LF, Huang EJ. Transcriptional corepressors HIPK1 and HIPK2 control angiogenesis via TGF-ß-TAK1-dependent mechanism. PLoS Biol. 2013; 11(4):e1001527.
Arnold TD, Ferrero GM, Qiu H, Phan IT, Akhurst RJ, Huang EJ, Reichardt LF. Defective retinal vascular endothelial cell development as a consequence of impaired integrin aVß8-mediated activation of transforming growth factor-ß. J Neurosci. 2012 Jan 25; 32(4):1197-206.
Weatherley-White RC, Ben S, Jin Y, Riccardi S, Arnold TD, Spritz RA. Analysis of genomewide association signals for nonsyndromic cleft lip/palate in a Kenya African Cohort. . 2011 Oct; 155A(10):2422-25.
Arnold TD, McQuillen PS. From death to recovery following hypoxia ischemia: if TGFbeta is a central regulator, is integrin beta8 the switch? Neurotox Res. 2010 May; 17(4):418-20.
Spritz RA, Arnold TD, Buonocore S, Carter D, Fingerlin T, Odero WW, Wambani JO, Tenge RK, Weatherley-White RC. Distribution of orofacial clefts and frequent occurrence of an unusual cleft variant in the Rift Valley of Kenya. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2007 Jul; 44(4):374-7.