Tom Boyce
Professor Emeritus
+1 415 502-2672
+1 415 476-5256


Boyce WT. Epigenomic Susceptibility to the Social World: Plausible Paths to a "Newest Morbidity". Acad Pediatr. 2017 08; 17(6):600-606.
Hagan MJ, Roubinov DS, Adler NE, Boyce WT, Bush NR. Socioeconomic Adversity, Negativity in the Parent Child-Relationship, and Physiological Reactivity: An Examination of Pathways and Interactive Processes Affecting Young Children's Physical Health. Psychosom Med. 2016 Nov/Dec; 78(9):998-1007.
Boyce WT, Shonkoff JP. Commentary: The course of life and life, of course: a commentary on Ben-Shlomo, Cooper and Kuh. Int J Epidemiol. 2016 08; 45(4):1000-1002.
Halpern J, Jutte D, Colby J, Boyce WT. Social dominance, school bullying, and child health: what are our ethical obligations to the very young? Pediatrics. 2015 Mar; 135 Suppl 2:S24-30.
Razaz N, Tremlett H, Boyce WT, Guhn M, Joseph KS, Marrie RA. Impact of parental multiple sclerosis on early childhood development: A retrospective cohort study. Mult Scler. 2015 Aug; 21(9):1172-83.
Boyce WT, Kobor MS. Development and the epigenome: the 'synapse' of gene-environment interplay. Dev Sci. 2015 Jan; 18(1):1-23.
Razaz N, Hertzman C, Marrie RA, Tremlett H, Boyce WT. Children of chronically ill parents: the silence of research. Child Care Health Dev. 2014 Sep; 40(5):753-4.
Portilla XA, Ballard PJ, Adler NE, Boyce WT, Obradovic J. An integrative view of school functioning: transactions between self-regulation, school engagement, and teacher-child relationship quality. Child Dev. 2014 Sep-Oct; 85(5):1915-31.
Quas JA, Yim IS, Oberlander TF, Nordstokke D, Essex MJ, Armstrong JM, Bush N, Obradovic J, Boyce WT. The symphonic structure of childhood stress reactivity: patterns of sympathetic, parasympathetic, and adrenocortical responses to psychological challenge. Dev Psychopathol. 2014 Nov; 26(4 Pt 1):963-82.
Razaz N, Nourian R, Marrie RA, Boyce WT, Tremlett H. Children and adolescents adjustment to parental multiple sclerosis: a systematic review. BMC Neurol. 2014 May 19; 14:107.
Alkon A, Harley KG, Neilands TB, Tambellini K, Lustig RH, Boyce WT, Eskenazi B. Latino children's body mass index at 2-3.5 years predicts sympathetic nervous system activity at 5 years. Child Obes. 2014 Jun; 10(3):214-24.
Ataee P, Hahn JO, Dumont GA, Boyce WT. Noninvasive subject-specific monitoring of autonomic-cardiac regulation. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2014 Apr; 61(4):1196-207.
Boyce WT. The lifelong effects of early childhood adversity and toxic stress. Pediatr Dent. 2014 Mar-Apr; 36(2):102-8.
Alkon A, Boyce WT, Tran L, Harley KG, Neuhaus J, Eskenazi B. Prenatal adversities and Latino children's autonomic nervous system reactivity trajectories from 6 months to 5 years of age. PLoS One. 2014; 9(1):e86283.
Weikum WM, Brain U, Chau CM, Grunau RE, Boyce WT, Diamond A, Oberlander TF. Prenatal serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) antidepressant exposure and serotonin transporter promoter genotype (SLC6A4) influence executive functions at 6 years of age. Front Cell Neurosci. 2013; 7:180.
Thomas MR, Wara D, Saxton K, Truskier M, Chesney MA, Boyce WT. Family adversity and autonomic reactivity association with immune changes in HIV-affected school children. Psychosom Med. 2013 Jul-Aug; 75(6):557-65.
Ataee P, Dumont GA, Noubari HA, Boyce WT, Ansermino JM. A novel approach to the design of an artificial bionic baroreflex. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2013; 2013:3813-6.
Kidd SA, Corbett BA, Granger DA, Boyce WT, Anders TF, Tager IB. Daytime secretion of salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase in preschool-aged children with autism and typically developing children. J Autism Dev Disord. 2012 Dec; 42(12):2648-58.
Ziol-Guest KM, Duncan GJ, Kalil A, Boyce WT. Early childhood poverty, immune-mediated disease processes, and adult productivity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Oct 16; 109 Suppl 2:17289-93.
Burns JG, Svetec N, Rowe L, Mery F, Dolan MJ, Boyce WT, Sokolowski MB. Gene-environment interplay in Drosophila melanogaster: chronic food deprivation in early life affects adult exploratory and fitness traits. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Oct 16; 109 Suppl 2:17239-44.
Boyce WT, Obradovic J, Bush NR, Stamperdahl J, Kim YS, Adler N. Social stratification, classroom climate, and the behavioral adaptation of kindergarten children. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Oct 16; 109 Suppl 2:17168-73.
Boyce WT, Sokolowski MB, Robinson GE. Toward a new biology of social adversity. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Oct 16; 109 Suppl 2:17143-8.
Sheridan MA, Sarsour K, Jutte D, D'Esposito M, Boyce WT. The impact of social disparity on prefrontal function in childhood. PLoS One. 2012; 7(4):e35744.
Ataee P, Belingard L, Dumont GA, Noubari HA, Boyce WT. Autonomic-cardiorespiratory regulation: a physiology-based mathematical model. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012; 2012:3805-8.
Alkon A, Boyce WT, Davis NV, Eskenazi B. Developmental changes in autonomic nervous system resting and reactivity measures in Latino children from 6 to 60 months of age. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2011 Nov; 32(9):668-77.
Bush NR, Obradovic J, Adler N, Boyce WT. Kindergarten stressors and cumulative adrenocortical activation: the "first straws" of allostatic load? Dev Psychopathol. 2011 Nov; 23(4):1089-106.
Rintala P, Välimaa R, Tynjälä J, Boyce W, King M, Villberg J, Kannas L. Physical activity of children with and without long-term illness or disability. J Phys Act Health. 2011 Nov; 8(8):1066-73.
Essex MJ, Boyce WT, Hertzman C, Lam LL, Armstrong JM, Neumann SM, Kobor MS. Epigenetic vestiges of early developmental adversity: childhood stress exposure and DNA methylation in adolescence. Child Dev. 2013 Jan-Feb; 84(1):58-75.
Kroenke CH, Epel E, Adler N, Bush NR, Obradovic J, Lin J, Blackburn E, Stamperdahl JL, Boyce WT. Autonomic and adrenocortical reactivity and buccal cell telomere length in kindergarten children. Psychosom Med. 2011 Sep; 73(7):533-40.
Quirós-Alcalá L, Alkon AD, Boyce WT, Lippert S, Davis NV, Bradman A, Barr DB, Eskenazi B. Maternal prenatal and child organophosphate pesticide exposures and children's autonomic function. Neurotoxicology. 2011 Oct; 32(5):646-55.
Treadwell MJ, Alkon A, Styles L, Boyce WT. Autonomic nervous system reactivity: children with and without sickle cell disease. Nurs Res. 2011 May-Jun; 60(3):197-207.
Bush NR, Alkon A, Obradovic J, Stamperdahl J, Boyce WT. Differentiating challenge reactivity from psychomotor activity in studies of children's psychophysiology: considerations for theory and measurement. J Exp Child Psychol. 2011 Sep; 110(1):62-79.
Essex MJ, Armstrong JM, Burk LR, Goldsmith HH, Boyce WT. Biological sensitivity to context moderates the effects of the early teacher-child relationship on the development of mental health by adolescence. Dev Psychopathol. 2011 Feb; 23(1):149-61.
Ellis BJ, Boyce WT, Belsky J, Bakermans-Kranenburg MJ, van Ijzendoorn MH. Differential susceptibility to the environment: an evolutionary--neurodevelopmental theory. Dev Psychopathol. 2011 Feb; 23(1):7-28.
Ellis BJ, Boyce WT. Differential susceptibility to the environment: toward an understanding of sensitivity to developmental experiences and context. Dev Psychopathol. 2011 Feb; 23(1):1-5.
Ellis BJ, Shirtcliff EA, Boyce WT, Deardorff J, Essex MJ. Quality of early family relationships and the timing and tempo of puberty: effects depend on biological sensitivity to context. Dev Psychopathol. 2011 Feb; 23(1):85-99.
Obradovic J, Bush NR, Boyce WT. The interactive effect of marital conflict and stress reactivity on externalizing and internalizing symptoms: the role of laboratory stressors. Dev Psychopathol. 2011 Feb; 23(1):101-14.
Ataee P, Hahn JO, Dumont GA, Boyce WT. A systematic approach to local stability analysis of cardiovascular baroreflex. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2011; 2011:700-3.
Sarsour K, Sheridan M, Jutte D, Nuru-Jeter A, Hinshaw S, Boyce WT. Family socioeconomic status and child executive functions: the roles of language, home environment, and single parenthood. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2011 Jan; 17(1):120-32.
Boyce WT, Den Besten PK, Stamperdahl J, Zhan L, Jiang Y, Adler NE, Featherstone JD. Social inequalities in childhood dental caries: the convergent roles of stress, bacteria and disadvantage. Soc Sci Med. 2010 Nov; 71(9):1644-52.
Treadwell MJ, Alkon A, Quirolo KC, Boyce WT. Stress reactivity as a moderator of family stress, physical and mental health, and functional impairment for children with sickle cell disease. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2010 Jul-Aug; 31(6):491-7.
Jutte DP, Brownell M, Roos NP, Schippers C, Boyce WT, Syme SL. Rethinking what is important: biologic versus social predictors of childhood health and educational outcomes. Epidemiology. 2010 May; 21(3):314-23.
Obradovic J, Bush NR, Stamperdahl J, Adler NE, Boyce WT. Biological sensitivity to context: the interactive effects of stress reactivity and family adversity on socioemotional behavior and school readiness. Child Dev. 2010 Jan-Feb; 81(1):270-89.
Doméjean S, Zhan L, DenBesten PK, Stamper J, Boyce WT, Featherstone JD. Horizontal transmission of mutans streptococci in children. J Dent Res. 2010 Jan; 89(1):51-5.
Nuru-Jeter AM, Sarsour K, Jutte DP, Boyce WT. Socioeconomic predictors of health and development in middle childhood: variations by socioeconomic status measure and race. Issues Compr Pediatr Nurs. 2010; 33(2):59-81.
Oveis C, Gruber J, Keltner D, Stamper JL, Boyce WT. Smile intensity and warm touch as thin slices of child and family affective style. Emotion. 2009 Aug; 9(4):544-8.
Boyce WT. The family is (still) the patient. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 Aug; 163(8):768-70.
Kim YS, Boyce WT, Koh YJ, Leventhal BL. Time trends, trajectories, and demographic predictors of bullying: a prospective study in Korean adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 2009 Oct; 45(4):360-7.
Obradovic J, Boyce WT. Individual differences in behavioral, physiological, and genetic sensitivities to contexts: implications for development and adaptation. Dev Neurosci. 2009; 31(4):300-8.
Shonkoff JP, Boyce WT, McEwen BS. Neuroscience, molecular biology, and the childhood roots of health disparities: building a new framework for health promotion and disease prevention. JAMA. 2009 Jun 03; 301(21):2252-9.
Kishiyama MM, Boyce WT, Jimenez AM, Perry LM, Knight RT. Socioeconomic disparities affect prefrontal function in children. J Cogn Neurosci. 2009 Jun; 21(6):1106-15.
Essex MJ, Kraemer HC, Slattery MJ, Burk LR, Boyce WT, Woodward HR, Kupfer DJ. Screening for childhood mental health problems: outcomes and early identification. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2009 May; 50(5):562-70.
Simons-Morton B, Pickett W, Boyce W, ter Bogt TF, Vollebergh W. Cross-national comparison of adolescent drinking and cannabis use in the United States, Canada, and the Netherlands. Int J Drug Policy. 2010 Jan; 21(1):64-9.
Kim YS, Leventhal BL, Koh YJ, Boyce WT. Bullying increased suicide risk: prospective study of Korean adolescents. Arch Suicide Res. 2009; 13(1):15-30.
Godeau E, Nic Gabhainn S, Vignes C, Ross J, Boyce W, Todd J. Contraceptive use by 15-year-old students at their last sexual intercourse: results from 24 countries. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008 Jan; 162(1):66-73.
Quas JA, Carrick N, Alkon A, Goldstein L, Boyce WT. Children's memory for a mild stressor: the role of sympathetic activation and parasympathetic withdrawal. Dev Psychobiol. 2006 Dec; 48(8):686-702.
Boyce WT, Essex MJ, Alkon A, Goldsmith HH, Kraemer HC, Kupfer DJ. Early father involvement moderates biobehavioral susceptibility to mental health problems in middle childhood. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2006 Dec; 45(12):1510-20.
Essex MJ, Kraemer HC, Armstrong JM, Boyce WT, Goldsmith HH, Klein MH, Woodward H, Kupfer DJ. Exploring risk factors for the emergence of children's mental health problems. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006 Nov; 63(11):1246-56.
Kim YS, Leventhal BL, Koh YJ, Hubbard A, Boyce WT. School bullying and youth violence: causes or consequences of psychopathologic behavior? Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2006 Sep; 63(9):1035-41.
Alkon A, Lippert S, Vujan N, Rodriquez ME, Boyce WT, Eskenazi B. The ontogeny of autonomic measures in 6- and 12-month-old infants. Dev Psychobiol. 2006 Apr; 48(3):197-208.
Torsheim T, Currie C, Boyce W, Samdal O. Country material distribution and adolescents' perceived health: multilevel study of adolescents in 27 countries. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2006 Feb; 60(2):156-61.
Pearson SR, Alkon A, Treadwell M, Wolff B, Quirolo K, Boyce WT. Autonomic reactivity and clinical severity in children with sickle cell disease. Clin Auton Res. 2005 Dec; 15(6):400-7.
Wilson N, Syme SL, Boyce WT, Battistich VA, Selvin S. Adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use: the influence of neighborhood disorder and hope. Am J Health Promot. 2005 Sep-Oct; 20(1):11-9.
Boyce WT, Ellis BJ. Biological sensitivity to context: I. An evolutionary-developmental theory of the origins and functions of stress reactivity. Dev Psychopathol. 2005; 17(2):271-301.
Ellis BJ, Essex MJ, Boyce WT. Biological sensitivity to context: II. Empirical explorations of an evolutionary-developmental theory. Dev Psychopathol. 2005; 17(2):303-28.
Boyce WT. Social stratification, health, and violence in the very young. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004 Dec; 1036:47-68.
Pearson SR, Boyce WT. Consultation with the specialist: the vulnerable child syndrome. Pediatr Rev. 2004 Oct; 25(10):345-9.
Quas JA, Bauer A, Boyce WT. Physiological reactivity, social support, and memory in early childhood. Child Dev. 2004 May-Jun; 75(3):797-814.
Bauer AM, Boyce WT. Prophecies of childhood: how children's social environments and biological propensities affect the health of populations. Int J Behav Med. 2004; 11(3):164-75.
Kraemer HC, Measelle JR, Ablow JC, Essex MJ, Boyce WT, Kupfer DJ. A new approach to integrating data from multiple informants in psychiatric assessment and research: mixing and matching contexts and perspectives. Am J Psychiatry. 2003 Sep; 160(9):1566-77.
Alkon A, Goldstein LH, Smider N, Essex MJ, Kupfer DJ, Boyce WT. Developmental and contextual influences on autonomic reactivity in young children. Dev Psychobiol. 2003 Jan; 42(1):64-78.
Quas JA, Murowchick E, Bensadoun J, Boyce WT. Predictors of children's cortisol activation during the transition to kindergarten. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2002 Oct; 23(5):304-13.
Wilson N, Battistich V, Syme SL, Boyce WT. Does elementary school alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use increase middle school risk? J Adolesc Health. 2002 Jun; 30(6):442-7.
Boyce WT, Essex MJ, Alkon A, Smider NA, Pickrell T, Kagan J. Temperament, tympanum, and temperature: four provisional studies of the biobehavioral correlates of tympanic membrane temperature asymmetries. Child Dev. 2002 May-Jun; 73(3):718-33.
Essex MJ, Boyce WT, Goldstein LH, Armstrong JM, Kraemer HC, Kupfer DJ. The confluence of mental, physical, social, and academic difficulties in middle childhood. II: developing the Macarthur health and Behavior Questionnaire. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2002 May; 41(5):588-603.