Nicki Bush, PhD

Dr. Bush is the Lisa and John Pritzker Distinguished Professor of Developmental and Behavioral Health, jointly appointed as a Full Professor in the Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and of Pediatrics, and the Director (Division Chief) of the Division of Developmental Medicine.

Dr. Bush is an international leader with clinical and research expertise in child and family health and wellbeing. She is an M-PI for the ECHO National Children's Study PATHWAYS cohort (NIH) and a site PI for the ECHO NYU Center cohort (NIH), the Co-Scientific Director of the CANDLE study (Urban Child Institute; NIH), an MPI on the UCSF CARES intervention study (State of CA Gov Office), the PI of the SEED prenatal programming study (R01), the UCSF PI of the TIDES multi-site prenatal programming study (R01), the Co-PI of the CANDLE DOHaD Epigenetics Study (CIHR, Canada), the PI of the CPP-HEALTH Trauma and Biomarkers study (CTSI; RWJF; JPB Foundation), and a scientist in the JPB Toxic Stress Network.

Dr. Bush has published more than 150 empirical papers and book chapters on research focused on the manner in which early life psychosocial environments, beginning in utero, affect developmental trajectories of health and disease across the life course. She investigates the ways in which contextual experiences of adversity, ranging from socioeconomic status to interpersonal violence, become biologically embedded by changing children’s developing physiologic systems and organs, thereby shaping individual differences that influence development and mental health in childhood and later life. Her work focuses on identifying points for prevention of disease as well as protective factors and interventions that promote resilience, with special attention to vulnerable populations and the unique interplay between maternal-child health across generations.

Promoting diversity, equity, and inclusion within research, clinical, and academic contexts is a core component of Dr. Bush's work. For example, she is a past recipient of the UCSF Chancellor's Award for the Advancement of Women, and she currently serves on the Diversity Advisory Council for the Executive Committee of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and is a founding member of the NIH ECHO consortium's DEI Working Group. Moreover, her work explicitly strives to illuminate social determinants of health and advance anti-racist practices across scholarly and community contexts, employing diverse teams and data from communities underrepresented in research.

Biography Summary:

Nicole (Nicki) Bush joined the faculty after completing a postdoctoral fellowship as a Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholar at the UCSF/UCB site. Prior to that, she completed a postdoctoral fellowship in children’s physiologic stress reactivity at UC Berkeley. She received her PhD in Child Clinical Psychology from the University of Washington and completed her child clinical training internship at the Institute for Juvenile Research at the University of Illinois, Chicago. She has a background in basic research as well as clinical and community intervention with families from high-stress contexts, and she is actively involved in policy-oriented projects.

Her research has examined relations among biobehavioral predispositions (e.g., temperament and physiology) and stressful life circumstances (e.g., poverty, parenting, and neighborhood) in the prediction of a broad range of children's mental health outcomes. In recent years, Dr. Bush has expanded understanding of contextual risk effects by infusing scientific models with a new understanding of biology (physiology, genetics, epigenetics) throughout early development, including the prenatal period. Her work integrates insights from social epidemiology, sociology, clinical psychology, and developmental psychobiology to elucidate the interplay of biology and context in youth development, as physiological systems mature and social environments change. Her examinations of how social disadvantage interacts with and alters children’s biological stress response systems aim to clarify the etiology of children’s mental and physical health outcomes and subsequent adult health. She collaborates with clinical interventionists to identify preventative and intervention efforts that can promote resilience in children and families and reverse biological and psychological harm from adversity.

Clinical Expertise:

Caregiver-child relationships; disruptive behaviors in early childhood; adolescent mood and anxiety; adolescent delinquency; family therapy; individual adult therapy; community intervention in high-risk neighborhoods and schools.
  1. Jacobson MH, Hamra GB, Monk C, Crum RM, Upadhyaya S, Avalos LA, Bastain TM, Barrett ES, Bush NR, Dunlop AL, Ferrara A, Firestein MR, Hipwell AE, Kannan K, Lewis J, Meeker JD, Ruden DM, Starling AP, Watkins DJ, Zhao Q, Trasande L, Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes Consortium. Prenatal Exposure to Nonpersistent Environmental Chemicals and Postpartum Depression. JAMA psychiatry 2023. PMID: 37728908

  2. Fang F, Zhou L, Perng W, Marsit CJ, Knight AK, Cardenas A, Aung MT, Hivert MF, Aris IM, Goodrich JM, Smith AK, Gaylord A, Fry RC, Oken E, O'Connor G, Ruden DM, Trasande L, Herbstman JB, Camargo CA, Bush NR, Dunlop AL, Dabelea DM, Karagas MR, Breton CV, Ober C, Everson TM, Page GP, Ladd-Acosta C, program collaborators for Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes. Evaluation of pediatric epigenetic clocks across multiple tissues. Clinical epigenetics 2023. PMID: 37660147

  3. Knapp EA, Kress AM, Parker CB, Page GP, McArthur K, Gachigi KK, Alshawabkeh AN, Aschner JL, Bastain TM, Breton CV, Bendixsen CG, Brennan PA, Bush NR, Buss C, Camargo CA, Catellier D, Cordero JF, Croen L, Dabelea D, Deoni S, D'Sa V, Duarte CS, Dunlop AL, Elliott AJ, Farzan SF, Ferrara A, Ganiban JM, Gern JE, Giardino AP, Towe-Goodman NR, Gold DR, Habre R, Hamra GB, Hartert T, Herbstman JB, Hertz-Picciotto I, Hipwell AE, Karagas MR, Karr CJ, Keenan K, Kerver JM, Koinis-Mitchell D, Lau B, Lester BM, Leve LD, Leventhal B, LeWinn KZ, Lewis J, Litonjua AA, Lyall K, Madan JC, McEvoy CT, McGrath M, Meeker JD, Miller RL, Morello-Frosch R, Neiderhiser JM, O'Connor TG, Oken E, O'Shea M, Paneth N, Porucznik CA, Sathyanarayana S, Schantz SL, Spindel ER, Stanford JB, Stroustrup A, Teitelbaum SL, Trasande L, Volk H, Wadhwa PD, Weiss ST, Woodruff TJ, Wright RJ, Zhao Q, Jacobson LP, Environmental Influences On Child Health Outcomes OBOPCF. The Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO)-wide Cohort. American journal of epidemiology 2023. PMID: 36963379

  4. Avalos LA, Chandran A, Churchill ML, Gao X, Ames JL, Nozadi SS, Roubinov D, Brennan PA, Bush NR, Camargo CA, Carroll KN, Cioffi CC, Ferrara A, Goldson B, Hedderson MM, Hipwell AE, Kerver JM, O'Connor TG, Porucznik CA, Shuffrey LC, Talavera-Barber MM, Wright RJ, Zhu Y, Croen LA, Program Collaborators for Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes. Prenatal depression and risk of child autism-related traits among participants in the Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes program. Autism research : official journal of the International Society for Autism Research 2023. PMID: 37526980

  5. Sherris AR, Loftus CT, Szpiro AA, Dearborn L, Hazlehurst MF, Carroll KN, Moore PE, Adgent MA, Barrett ES, Bush NR, Day DB, Kannan K, LeWinn KZ, Nguyen RHN, Ni Y, Riederer AM, Robinson M, Sathyanarayana S, Zhao Q, Karr CJ. Prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure and asthma at age 8-9 years in a multi-site longitudinal study. Research square 2023. PMID: 37503063

  6. Martenies SE, Zhang M, Corrigan AE, Kvit A, Shields T, Wheaton W, Around Him D, Aschner J, Talavera-Barber MM, Barrett ES, Bastain TM, Bendixsen C, Breton CV, Bush NR, Cacho F, Camargo CA, Carroll KN, Carter BS, Cassidy-Bushrow AE, Cowell W, Croen LA, Dabelea D, Duarte CS, Dunlop AL, Everson TM, Habre R, Hartert TV, Helderman JB, Hipwell AE, Karagas MR, Lester BM, LeWinn KZ, Magzamen S, Morello-Frosch R, O'Connor TG, Padula AM, Petriello M, Sathyanarayana S, Stanford JB, Woodruff TJ, Wright RJ, Kress AM, Program Collaborators for Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes. Developing a National-Scale Exposure Index for Combined Environmental Hazards and Social Stressors and Applications to the Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Cohort. International journal of environmental research and public health 2023. PMID: 37510572

  7. Rudd KL, Zhao Q, Lisha NE, Graff JC, Norona-Zhou A, Roubinov DS, Barrett ES, Juarez P, Carroll KN, Karr CJ, Sathyanarayana S, Mason WA, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR. The role of prenatal violence exposure in the development of disparities in children's adiposity from birth to middle childhood. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) 2023. PMID: 37394870

  8. Singh S, Cordeiro A, Epel E, Coccia M, Laraia B, Adler N, Bush NR. Association between maternal eating and young child feeding in a community sample. BMC pregnancy and childbirth 2023. PMID: 37355578

  9. Sun B, Wallace ER, Ni Y, Loftus CT, Szpiro A, Day D, Barrett ES, Nguyen RHN, Kannan K, Robinson M, Bush NR, Sathyanarayana S, Mason A, Swan SH, Trasande L, Karr CJ, LeWinn KZ. Prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and cognition in early childhood. Environment international 2023. PMID: 37331181

  10. Hussey MR, Enquobahrie DA, Loftus CT, MacDonald JW, Bammler TK, Paquette AG, Marsit CJ, Szpiro AA, Kaufman JD, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR, Tylavsky F, Zhao Q, Karr CJ, Sathyanarayana S. Associations of prenatal exposure to NO2 and near roadway residence with placental gene expression. Placenta 2023. PMID: 37216796

  11. Sethuram S, Raymond S, Wang C, Barrett ES, Bush NR, Nguyen R, Sathyanarayana S, Swan SH, Evans SF. Early prenatal sex steroids and sex-typed play behavior at 4 years of age. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2023. PMID: 37480735

  12. Dearborn LC, Hazlehurst MF, Loftus CT, Szpiro AA, Carroll KN, Moore PE, Adgent MA, Barrett ES, Nguyen RH, Sathyanarayana S, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR, Kaufman JD, Karr CJ. Role of air pollution in development of asthma among children with a history of bronchiolitis in infancy. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) 2023. PMID: 37042935

  13. Gaylord A, Barrett ES, Sathyanarayana S, Swan SH, Nguyen RHN, Bush NR, Carroll K, Day DB, Kannan K, Trasande L. Prenatal bisphenol a and S exposure and atopic disease phenotypes at age 6. Environmental research 2023. PMID: 36889565

  14. Moog NK, Cummings PD, Jackson KL, Aschner JL, Barrett ES, Bastain TM, Blackwell CK, Bosquet Enlow M, Breton CV, Bush NR, Deoni SCL, Duarte CS, Ferrara A, Grant TL, Hipwell AE, Jones K, Leve LD, Lovinsky-Desir S, Miller RK, Monk C, Oken E, Posner J, Schmidt RJ, Wright RJ, Entringer S, Simhan HN, Wadhwa PD, O'Connor TG, Musci RJ, Buss C, ECHO collaborators. Intergenerational transmission of the effects of maternal exposure to childhood maltreatment in the USA: a retrospective cohort study. The Lancet. Public health 2023. PMID: 36841563

  15. Bush NR, Noro?a-Zhou A, Coccia M, Rudd KL, Ahmad SI, Loftus CT, Swan SH, Nguyen RHN, Barrett ES, Tylavsky FA, Mason WA, Karr CJ, Sathyanarayana S, LeWinn KZ. Intergenerational transmission of stress: Multi-domain stressors from maternal childhood and pregnancy predict children's mental health in a racially and socioeconomically diverse, multi-site cohort. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology 2023. PMID: 36735003

  16. Ladd-Acosta C, Vang E, Barrett ES, Bulka CM, Bush NR, Cardenas A, Dabelea D, Dunlop AL, Fry RC, Gao X, Goodrich JM, Herbstman J, Hivert MF, Kahn LG, Karagas MR, Kennedy EM, Knight AK, Mohazzab-Hosseinian S, Morin A, Niu Z, O'Shea TM, Palmore M, Ruden D, Schmidt RJ, Smith AK, Song A, Spindel ER, Trasande L, Volk H, Weisenberger DJ, Breton CV, Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes Program. Analysis of Pregnancy Complications and Epigenetic Gestational Age of Newborns. JAMA network open 2023. PMID: 36826815

  17. Paquette AG, Lapehn S, Freije S, MacDonald J, Bammler T, Day DB, Loftus CT, Kannan K, Alex Mason W, Bush NR, LeWinn KZ, Enquobahrie DA, Marsit C, Sathyanarayana S. Placental transcriptomic signatures of prenatal exposure to Hydroxy-Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Environment international 2023. PMID: 36689866

  18. de Mendon?a Filho EJ, Pokhvisneva I, Maalouf CM, Parent C, Mliner SB, Slopen N, Williams DR, Bush NR, Boyce WT, Levitt P, Nelson CA, Gunnar MR, Meaney MJ, Shonkoff JP, Silveira PP, JPB Research Network on Toxic Stress. Linking specific biological signatures to different childhood adversities: findings from the HERO project. Pediatric research 2023. PMID: 36650307

  19. de la Rosa R, Zablotny D, Ye M, Bush NR, Hessler D, Koita K, Bucci M, Long D, Thakur N. Biological Burden of Adverse Childhood Experiences in Children. Psychosomatic medicine 2023. PMID: 36728584

  20. Noro?a-Zhou A, Coccia M, Sullivan A, O'Connor TG, Collett BR, Derefinko K, Renner LM, Loftus CT, Roubinov D, Carroll KN, Nguyen RHN, Karr CJ, Sathyanarayana S, Barrett ES, Mason WA, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR. A Multi-Cohort Examination of the Independent Contributions of Maternal Childhood Adversity and Pregnancy Stressors to the Prediction of Children's Anxiety and Depression. Research on child and adolescent psychopathology 2022. PMID: 36462137

  21. Sienas L, Albright C, Ni Y, Szpiro A, Bush NR, Loftus C, Kannan K, Tylavsky F, Karr CJ, LeWinn KZ, Sathyanarayana S. Associations between Phthalate Exposure and Gestational Age at Delivery in a Diverse Pregnancy Cohort. Toxics 2022. PMID: 36548587

  22. Roubinov DS, Epel ES, Coccia M, Coleman-Phox K, Vieten C, Adler NE, Laraia B, Bush NR. Long-term effects of a prenatal mindfulness intervention on depressive symptoms in a diverse sample of women. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology 2022. PMID: 36441994

  23. Eick SM, Geiger SD, Alshawabkeh A, Aung M, Barrett ES, Bush N, Carroll KN, Cordero JF, Goin DE, Ferguson KK, Kahn LG, Liang D, Meeker JD, Milne GL, Nguyen RHN, Padula AM, Sathyanarayana S, Taibl KR, Schantz SL, Woodruff TJ, Morello-Frosch R, of program collaborators for Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes. Urinary oxidative stress biomarkers are associated with preterm birth: an Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes program study. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 2022. PMID: 36400174

  24. Barrett ES, Workman T, Hazlehurst MF, Kauderer S, Loftus C, Kannan K, Robinson M, Smith AK, Smith R, Zhao Q, LeWinn KZ, Sathyanarayana S, Bush NR. Prenatal polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure in relation to placental corticotropin releasing hormone (pCRH) in the CANDLE pregnancy cohort. Frontiers in endocrinology 2022. PMID: 36440232

  25. Wallace ER, Buth E, Szpiro AA, Ni Y, Loftus CT, Masterson E, Day DB, Sun BZ, Sullivan A, Barrett E, Nguyen RH, Robinson M, Kannan K, Mason A, Sathyanarayana S, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR, Karr CJ. Prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is not associated with behavior problems in preschool and early school-aged children: A prospective multi-cohort study. Environmental research 2022. PMID: 36370819

  26. LeWinn KZ, Karr CJ, Hazlehurst M, Carroll K, Loftus C, Nguyen R, Barrett E, Swan SH, Szpiro AA, Paquette A, Moore P, Spalt E, Younglove L, Sullivan A, Colburn T, Byington N, Sims Taylor L, Moe S, Wang S, Cordeiro A, Mattias A, Powell J, Johnson T, Norona-Zhou A, Mason A, Bush NR, Sathyanarayana S. Cohort profile: the ECHO prenatal and early childhood pathways to health consortium (ECHO-PATHWAYS). BMJ open 2022. PMID: 36270755

  27. Liang HW, Snyder N, Wang J, Xun X, Yin Q, LeWinn K, Carroll KN, Bush NR, Kannan K, Barrett ES, Mitchell RT, Tylavsky F, Adibi JJ. A study on the association of placental and maternal urinary phthalate metabolites. Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology 2022. PMID: 36114292

  28. Loftus CT, Szpiro AA, Workman T, Wallace ER, Hazlehurst MF, Day DB, Ni Y, Carroll KN, Adgent MA, Moore PE, Barrett ES, Nguyen RHN, Kannan K, Robinson M, Masterson EE, Tylavsky FA, Bush NR, LeWinn KZ, Sathyanarayana S, Karr CJ. Maternal exposure to urinary polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in pregnancy and childhood asthma in a pooled multi-cohort study. Environment international 2022. PMID: 36279735

  29. Welch BM, Keil AP, Buckley JP, Calafat AM, Christenbury KE, Engel SM, O'Brien KM, Rosen EM, James-Todd T, Zota AR, Ferguson KK, Pooled Phthalate Exposure and Preterm Birth Study Group, Alshawabkeh AN, Cordero JF, Meeker JD, Barrett ES, Bush NR, Nguyen RHN, Sathyanarayana S, Swan SH, Cantonwine DE, McElrath TF, Aalborg J, Dabelea D, Starling AP, Hauser R, Messerlian C, Zhang Y, Bradman A, Eskenazi B, Harley KG, Holland N, Bloom MS, Newman RB, Wenzel AG, Braun JM, Lanphear BP, Yolton K, Factor-Litvak P, Herbstman JB, Rauh VA, Drobnis EZ, Sparks AE, Redmon JB, Wang C, Binder AM, Michels KB, Baird DD, Jukic AMZ, Weinberg CR, Wilcox AJ, Rich DQ, Weinberger B, Padmanabhan V, Watkins DJ, Hertz-Picciotto I, Schmidt RJ. Associations Between Prenatal Urinary Biomarkers of Phthalate Exposure and Preterm Birth: A Pooled Study of 16 US Cohorts. JAMA pediatrics 2022. PMID: 35816333

  30. Lyall K, Ning X, Aschner JL, Avalos LA, Bennett DH, Bilder DA, Bush NR, Carroll KN, Chu SH, Croen LA, Dabelea D, Daniels JL, Duarte C, Elliott AJ, Fallin MD, Ferrara A, Hertz-Picciotto I, Hipwell AE, Jensen ET, Johnson SL, Joseph RM, Karagas M, Kelly RS, Lester BM, Margolis A, McEvoy CT, Messinger D, Neiderhiser JM, O'Connor TG, Oken E, Sathyanarayana S, Schmidt RJ, Sheinkopf SJ, Talge NM, Turi KN, Wright RJ, Zhao Q, Newschaffer C, Volk HE, Ladd-Acosta C, Environmental Influences On Child Health Outcomes OBOPCF. Cardiometabolic Pregnancy Complications in Association with Autism-Related Traits as Measured by the Social Responsiveness Scale in ECHO. 2022. PMID: 35362025

  31. Paquette AG, Macdonald J, Bammler T, Day DB, Loftus CT, Buth E, Mason WA, Bush NR, Lewinn KZ, Marsit C, Litch JA, Gravett M, Enquobahrie DA, Sathyanarayana S. Placental Transcriptomic Signatures of Spontaneous Preterm Birth. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology 2022. PMID: 35868418

  32. Adgent MA, Gebretsadik T, Elaiho CR, Milne G, Moore P, Hartman TJ, Cowell W, Alcala CS, Bush N, Davis R, LeWinn KZ, Tylavsky FA, Wright RJ, Carroll KN. The association between prenatal F2-isoprostanes and child wheeze/asthma, and modification by maternal race. Free radical biology & medicine 2022. PMID: 35863687

  33. Ni Y, Loftus CT, Szpiro AA, Young MT, Hazlehurst MF, Murphy LE, Tylavsky FA, Mason WA, LeWinn KZ, Sathyanarayana S, Barrett ES, Bush NR, Karr CJ. Associations of Pre- and Postnatal Air Pollution Exposures with Child Behavioral Problems and Cognitive Performance: A U.S. Multi-Cohort Study. Environmental health perspectives 2022. PMID: 35737514

  34. Roubinov D, Musci RJ, Hipwell AE, Wu G, Santos H, Felder JN, Faleschini S, Conradt E, McEvoy CT, Lester BM, Buss C, Elliott AJ, Cordero JF, Stroustrup A, Bush NR. Trajectories of depressive symptoms among mothers of preterm and full-term infants in a national sample. Archives of women's mental health 2022. PMID: 35708790

  35. Ibroci E, Thurston SW, Barrett ES, Bush NR, Nguyen RHN, Sathyanarayana S, Reichenberg A, Collett BR, Swan SH, Evans SF. Prenatal bisphenol A exposure in relation to behavioral outcomes in girls aged 4-5 and modification by socio-demographic factors in The Infant Development and Environment Study (TIDES). 2022. PMID: 35661784

  36. Tylavsky FA, Han L, Sims Taylor LM, Mason WA, Carroll KN, Bush NR, LeWinn KZ, Melough MM, Hartman TJ, Zhao Q. Oxidative Balance Score during Pregnancy Is Associated with Oxidative Stress in the CANDLE Study. 2022. PMID: 35684127

  37. Shonkoff JP, Boyce WT, Bush NR, Gunnar MR, Hensch TK, Levitt P, Meaney MJ, Nelson CA, Slopen N, Williams DR, Silveira PP. Translating the Biology of Adversity and Resilience Into New Measures for Pediatric Practice. 2022. PMID: 35535547

  38. Quraishi SM, Hazlehurst MF, Loftus CT, Nguyen RHN, Barrett ES, Kaufman JD, Bush NR, Karr CJ, LeWinn KZ, Sathyanarayana S, Tylavsky FA, Szpiro AA, Enquobahrie DA. Association of prenatal exposure to ambient air pollution with adverse birth outcomes and effect modification by socioeconomic factors. 2022. PMID: 35640705

  39. Enquobahrie DA, MacDonald J, Hussey M, Bammler TK, Loftus CT, Paquette AG, Byington N, Marsit CJ, Szpiro A, Kaufman JD, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR, Tylavsky F, Karr CJ, Sathyanarayana S. Prenatal exposure to particulate matter and placental gene expression. 2022. PMID: 35653832

  40. Wilson K, Gebretsadik T, Adgent MA, Loftus C, Karr C, Moore PE, Sathyanarayana S, Byington N, Barrett E, Bush N, Nguyen R, Hartman TJ, LeWinn KZ, Calvert A, Mason WA, Carroll KN. The association between duration of breastfeeding and childhood asthma outcomes. 2022. PMID: 35552008

  41. Eick SM, Geiger SD, Alshawabkeh A, Aung M, Barrett E, Bush NR, Cordero JF, Ferguson KK, Meeker JD, Milne GL, Nguyen RHN, Padula AM, Sathyanarayana S, Welch BM, Schantz SL, Woodruff TJ, Morello-Frosch R, Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes. Associations between social, biologic, and behavioral factors and biomarkers of oxidative stress during pregnancy: Findings from four ECHO cohorts. 2022. PMID: 35490822

  42. Ahmad SI, Shih EW, LeWinn KZ, Rivera L, Graff JC, Mason WA, Karr CJ, Sathyanarayana S, Tylavsky FA, Bush NR. Intergenerational Transmission of Effects of Women's Stressors During Pregnancy: Child Psychopathology and the Protective Role of Parenting. 2022. PMID: 35546925

  43. Ferguson KK, Bommarito PA, Arogbokun O, Rosen EM, Keil AP, Zhao S, Barrett ES, Nguyen RHN, Bush NR, Trasande L, McElrath TF, Swan SH, Sathyanarayana S. Prenatal Phthalate Exposure and Child Weight and Adiposity from in Utero to 6 Years of Age. 2022. PMID: 35452257

  44. Freije SL, Enquobahrie DA, Day DB, Loftus C, Szpiro AA, Karr CJ, Trasande L, Kahn LG, Barrett E, Kannan K, Bush NR, LeWinn KZ, Swan S, Alex Mason W, Robinson M, Sathyanarayana S. Prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and gestational age at birth. 2022. PMID: 35453081

  45. Roubinov D, Browne D, LeWinn KZ, Lisha N, Mason WA, Bush NR. Intergenerational transmission of maternal childhood adversity and depression on children's internalizing problems. 2022. PMID: 35429520

  46. Stevens DR, Bommarito PA, Keil AP, McElrath TF, Trasande L, Barrett ES, Bush NR, Nguyen RHN, Sathyanarayana S, Swan S, Ferguson KK. Urinary phthalate metabolite mixtures in pregnancy and fetal growth: Findings from the infant development and the environment study. 2022. PMID: 35429919

  47. Blackwell CK, Mansolf M, Sherlock P, Ganiban J, Hofheimer JA, Barone CJ, Bekelman TA, Blair C, Cella D, Collazo S, Croen LA, Deoni S, Elliott AJ, Ferrara A, Fry RC, Gershon R, Herbstman JB, Karagas MR, LeWinn KZ, Margolis A, Miller RL, O'Shea TM, Porucznik CA, Wright RJ. Youth Well-being During the COVID-19 Pandemic. 2022. PMID: 35301542

  48. Ni Y, Simpson CL, Davis RL, Szpiro AA, Karr CJ, Kovesdy CP, Hjorten RC, Tylavsky FA, Bush NR, LeWinn KZ, Winkler CA, Kopp JB, Obi Y. Associations between APOL1 genetic variants and blood pressure in African American mothers and children from a U.S. pregnancy cohort: Modification by air pollution exposures. 2022. PMID: 35358541

  49. Noroña-Zhou AN, Coccia M, Epel E, Vieten C, Adler NE, Laraia B, Jones-Mason K, Alkon A, Bush NR. The Effects of a Prenatal Mindfulness Intervention on Infant Autonomic and Behavioral Reactivity and Regulation. 2022. PMID: 35653611

  50. Rudd KL, Cheng SS, Cordeiro A, Coccia M, Karr CJ, LeWinn KZ, Mason WA, Trasande L, Nguyen RHN, Sathyanarayana S, Swan SH, Barrett ES, Bush NR. Associations Between Maternal Stressful Life Events and Perceived Distress during Pregnancy and Child Mental Health at Age 4. 2022. PMID: 35258749

  51. Rudd KL, Caron Z, Jones-Mason K, Coccia M, Conradt E, Alkon A, Bush NR. The prism of reactivity: Concordance between biobehavioral domains of infant stress reactivity. 2022. PMID: 35220176

  52. Barrett ES, Corsetti M, Day D, Thurston SW, Loftus CT, Karr CJ, Kannan K, LeWinn KZ, Smith AK, Smith R, Tylavsky FA, Bush NR, Sathyanarayana S. Prenatal phthalate exposure in relation to placental corticotropin releasing hormone (pCRH) in the CANDLE cohort. 2022. PMID: 35007898

  53. Wallace ER, Ni Y, Loftus CT, Sullivan A, Masterson E, Szpiro AA, Day DB, Robinson M, Kannan K, Tylavsky FA, Sathyanarayana S, Bush NR, LeWinn KZ, Karr CJ. Prenatal urinary metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and toddler cognition, language, and behavior. 2021. PMID: 34902794

  54. Ahmad SI, Rudd KL, LeWinn KZ, Mason WA, Murphy L, Juarez PD, Karr CJ, Sathyanarayana S, Tylavsky FA, Bush NR. Maternal childhood trauma and prenatal stressors are associated with child behavioral health. 2021. PMID: 34666865

  55. Bedell SM, Lyden GR, Sathyanarayana S, Barrett ES, Ferguson KK, Santilli A, Bush NR, Swan SH, McElrath TF, Nguyen RHN. First- and Third-Trimester Urinary Phthalate Metabolites in the Development of Hypertensive Diseases of Pregnancy. 2021. PMID: 34682373

  56. Senter CC, Bush NR, Loftus CT, Szpiro AA, Fitzpatrick AL, Carroll KN, LeWinn KZ, Mason WA, Sathyanarayana S, Akingbade OA, Karr CJ. Maternal Stressful Life Events during Pregnancy and Atopic Dermatitis in Children Aged Approximately 4-6 Years. International journal of environmental research and public health 2021. PMID: 34574621

  57. Paquette AG, MacDonald J, Lapehn S, Bammler T, Kruger L, Day DB, Price ND, Loftus C, Kannan K, Marsit C, Mason WA, Bush NR, LeWinn KZ, Enquobahrie DA, Prasad B, Karr CJ, Sathyanarayana S. A Comprehensive Assessment of Associations between Prenatal Phthalate Exposure and the Placental Transcriptomic Landscape. Environmental health perspectives 2021. PMID: 34478338

  58. Hagan M, Coccia M, Rivera L, Epel E, Aschbacher K, Laudenslager M, Lieberman A, Bush NR. Longitudinal hair cortisol in low-income young children: A useful biomarker of behavioral symptom change? Psychoneuroendocrinology 2021. PMID: 34403872

  59. Aschbacher K, Cole S, Hagan M, Rivera L, Baccarella A, Wolkowitz OM, Lieberman A, Bush NR. An Immunogenomic Phenotype Predicting Behavioral Treatment Response: Toward Precision Psychiatry for Mothers and Children with Trauma Exposure. Brain, behavior, and immunity 2021. PMID: 34298096

  60. Lyall K, Hosseini M, Ladd-Acosta C, Ning X, Catellier D, Constantino JN, Croen LA, Kaat AJ, Botteron K, Bush NR, Dager SR, Duarte CS, Fallin MD, Hazlett H, Hertz-Picciotto I, Joseph RM, Karagas MR, Korrick S, Landa R, Messinger D, Oken E, Ozonoff S, Piven J, Pandey J, Sathyanarayana S, Schultz RT, St John T, Schmidt R, Volk H, Newschaffer CJ, program collaborators for Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes. Distributional Properties and Criterion Validity of a Shortened Version of the Social Responsiveness Scale: Results from the ECHO Program and Implications for Social Communication Research. Journal of autism and developmental disorders 2021. PMID: 32944847

  61. Adgent MA, Gebretsadik T, Reedus J, Graves C, Garrison E, Bush N, Davis R, LeWinn KZ, Tylavsky F, Carroll KN. Gestational diabetes and childhood asthma in a racially diverse US pregnancy cohort. Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology 2021. PMID: 33894077

  62. Arogbokun O, Rosen E, Keil AP, Milne GL, Barrett E, Nguyen R, Bush NR, Swan SH, Sathyanarayana S, Ferguson KK. Maternal Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Pregnancy and Child Growth from Birth to Age 6. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism 2021. PMID: 33524128

  63. Ni Y, Szpiro A, Loftus C, Tylavsky F, Kratz M, Bush NR, LeWinn KZ, Sathyanarayana S, Enquobahrie DA, Davis R, Fitzpatrick AL, Sonney J, Zhao Q, Karr CJ. Associations Between Maternal Nutrition in Pregnancy and Child Blood Pressure at 4-6 Years: A Prospective Study in a Community-Based Pregnancy Cohort. The Journal of nutrition 2021. PMID: 33561258

  64. Zhao Q, Hu Z, Kocak M, Liu J, Fowke JH, Han JC, Kakhniashvili D, Lewinn KZ, Bush NR, Mason WA, Tylavsky FA. Associations of prenatal metabolomics profiles with early childhood growth trajectories and obesity risk in African Americans: the CANDLE study. International journal of obesity (2005) 2021. PMID: 33824402

  65. Ni Y, Szpiro AA, Young MT, Loftus CT, Bush NR, LeWinn KZ, Sathyanarayana S, Enquobahrie DA, Davis RL, Kratz M, Fitzpatrick AL, Sonney JT, Tylavsky FA, Karr CJ. Associations of Pre- and Postnatal Air Pollution Exposures with Child Blood Pressure and Modification by Maternal Nutrition: A Prospective Study in the CANDLE Cohort. Environmental health perspectives 2021. PMID: 33797937

  66. Hazlehurst MF, Carroll KN, Loftus CT, Szpiro AA, Moore PE, Kaufman JD, Kirwa K, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR, Sathyanarayana S, Tylavsky FA, Barrett ES, Nguyen RHN, Karr CJ. Maternal exposure to PM2.5 during pregnancy and asthma risk in early childhood: consideration of phases of fetal lung development. Environmental epidemiology (Philadelphia, Pa.) 2021. PMID: 33709049

  67. Adibi JJ, Xun X, Zhao Y, Yin Q, LeWinn K, Bush NR, Panigrahy A, Peddada S, Alfthan H, Stenman UH, Tylavsky F, Koistinen H. Second-Trimester Placental and Thyroid Hormones Are Associated With Cognitive Development From Ages 1 to 3 Years. Journal of the Endocrine Society 2021. PMID: 33928202

  68. Loftus CT, Bush NR, Day DB, Ni Y, Tylavsky FA, Karr CJ, Kannan K, Barrett ES, Szpiro AA, Sathyanarayana S, LeWinn KZ. Exposure to prenatal phthalate mixtures and neurodevelopment in the Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early childhood (CANDLE) study. Environment international 2021. PMID: 33556913

  69. Guan A, Hamad R, Batra A, Bush NR, Tylavsky FA, LeWinn KZ. The Revised WIC Food Package and Child Development: A Quasi-Experimental Study. Pediatrics 2021. PMID: 33495370

  70. Day DB, Collett BR, Barrett ES, Bush NR, Swan SH, Nguyen RHN, Szpiro AA, Sathyanarayana S. Phthalate mixtures in pregnancy, autistic traits, and adverse childhood behavioral outcomes. Environment international 2021. PMID: 33418196

  71. Melough MM, Murphy LE, Graff JC, Derefinko KJ, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR, Enquobahrie DA, Loftus CT, Kocak M, Sathyanarayana S, Tylavsky FA. Maternal Plasma 25-Hydroxyvitamin D during Gestation Is Positively Associated with Neurocognitive Development in Offspring at Age 4-6 Years. The Journal of nutrition 2021. PMID: 33136167

  72. Roubinov D, Bush NR, Boyce WT. How a Pandemic Could Advance the Science of Early Adversity. JAMA pediatrics 2020. PMID: 32716499

  73. Sley EG, Rosen EM, van 't Erve TJ, Sathyanarayana S, Barrett ES, Nguyen RHN, Bush NR, Milne GL, Swan SH, Ferguson KK. Omega-3 fatty acid supplement use and oxidative stress levels in pregnancy. PloS one 2020. PMID: 33095772

  74. Steine IM, LeWinn KZ, Lisha N, Tylavsky F, Smith R, Bowman M, Sathyanarayana S, Karr CJ, Smith AK, Kobor M, Bush NR. Maternal exposure to childhood traumatic events, but not multi-domain psychosocial stressors, predict placental corticotrophin releasing hormone across pregnancy. Social science & medicine (1982) 2020. PMID: 33126094

  75. Evans SF, Raymond S, Sethuram S, Barrett ES, Bush NR, Nguyen R, Sathyanarayana S, Swan SH. Associations between prenatal phthalate exposure and sex-typed play behavior in preschool age boys and girls. Environmental research 2020. PMID: 32997969

  76. Bush NR, Savitz J, Coccia M, Jones-Mason K, Adler N, Boyce WT, Laraia B, Epel E. Maternal Stress During Pregnancy Predicts Infant Infectious and Noninfectious Illness. The Journal of pediatrics 2020. PMID: 32827529

  77. Adgent MA, Carroll KN, Hazlehurst MF, Loftus CT, Szpiro AA, Karr CJ, Barrett ES, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR, Tylavsky FA, Kannan K, Sathyanarayana S. A combined cohort analysis of prenatal exposure to phthalate mixtures and childhood asthma. Environment international 2020. PMID: 32763629

  78. Bush NR, Wakschlag LS, LeWinn KZ, Hertz-Picciotto I, Nozadi SS, Pieper S, Lewis J, Biezonski D, Blair C, Deardorff J, Neiderhiser JM, Leve LD, Elliott AJ, Duarte CS, Lugo-Candelas C, O'Shea TM, Avalos LA, Page GP, Posner J. Family Environment, Neurodevelopmental Risk, and the Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Initiative: Looking Back and Moving Forward. Frontiers in psychiatry 2020. PMID: 32636769

  79. Pilkay SR, Combs-Orme T, Tylavsky F, Bush N, Smith AK. Maternal trauma and fear history predict BDNF methylation and gene expression in newborns. PeerJ 2020. PMID: 32509442

  80. Felder JN, Epel E, Coccia M, Cordeiro A, Laraia B, Adler N, Coleman-Phox K, Bush NR. Prenatal Maternal Objective and Subjective Stress Exposures and Rapid Infant Weight Gain. The Journal of pediatrics 2020. PMID: 32418816

  81. Hu Z, Tylavsky FA, Kocak M, Fowke JH, Han JC, Davis RL, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR, Sathyanarayana S, Karr CJ, Zhao Q. Effects of Maternal Dietary Patterns during Pregnancy on Early Childhood Growth Trajectories and Obesity Risk: The CANDLE Study. Nutrients 2020. PMID: 32069778

  82. Day DB, Collett BR, Barrett ES, Bush NR, Swan SH, Wang C, Sathyanarayana S, TIDES Study team. Prenatal sex hormones and behavioral outcomes in children. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2019. PMID: 31901731

  83. Loftus CT, Ni Y, Szpiro AA, Hazlehurst MF, Tylavsky FA, Bush NR, Sathyanarayana S, Carroll KN, Young M, Karr CJ, LeWinn KZ. Exposure to ambient air pollution and early childhood behavior: A longitudinal cohort study. Environmental research 2019. PMID: 31999995

  84. Rosa MJ, Hartman TJ, Adgent M, Gardner K, Gebretsadik T, Moore PE, Davis RL, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR, Tylavsky F, Wright RJ, Carroll KN. Prenatal polyunsaturated fatty acids and child asthma: Effect modification by maternal asthma and child sex. The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 2019. PMID: 31809758

  85. Ferguson KK, Rosen EM, Barrett ES, Nguyen RHN, Bush N, McElrath TF, Swan SH, Sathyanarayana S. Joint impact of phthalate exposure and stressful life events in pregnancy on preterm birth. Environment international 2019. PMID: 31675562

  86. Gardner KG, Gebretsadik T, Hartman TJ, Rosa MJ, Tylavsky FA, Adgent MA, Moore PE, Kocak M, Bush NR, Davis RL, Lewinn KZ, Wright RJ, Carroll KN. Prenatal Omega-3 and Omega-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Childhood Atopic Dermatitis. The journal of allergy and clinical immunology. In practice 2019. PMID: 31626989

  87. McEwen LM, O'Donnell KJ, McGill MG, Edgar RD, Jones MJ, MacIsaac JL, Lin DTS, Ramadori K, Morin A, Gladish N, Garg E, Unternaehrer E, Pokhvisneva I, Karnani N, Kee MZL, Klengel T, Adler NE, Barr RG, Letourneau N, Giesbrecht GF, Reynolds JN, Czamara D, Armstrong JM, Essex MJ, de Weerth C, Beijers R, Tollenaar MS, Bradley B, Jovanovic T, Ressler KJ, Steiner M, Entringer S, Wadhwa PD, Buss C, Bush NR, Binder EB, Boyce WT, Meaney MJ, Horvath S, Kobor MS. The PedBE clock accurately estimates DNA methylation age in pediatric buccal cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2019. PMID: 31611402

  88. Epel E, Laraia B, Coleman-Phox K, Leung C, Vieten C, Mellin L, Kristeller JL, Thomas M, Stotland N, Bush N, Lustig RH, Dallman M, Hecht FM, Adler N. Effects of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention on Distress, Weight Gain, and Glucose Control for Pregnant Low-Income Women: A Quasi-Experimental Trial Using the ORBIT Model. International journal of behavioral medicine 2019. PMID: 30993601

  89. Hamad R, Batra A, Karasek D, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR, Davis RL, Tylavsky FA. The Impact of the Revised WIC Food Package on Maternal Nutrition During Pregnancy and Postpartum. American journal of epidemiology 2019. PMID: 31094428

  90. Loftus CT, Hazlehurst MF, Szpiro AA, Ni Y, Tylavsky FA, Bush NR, Sathyanarayana S, Carroll KN, Karr CJ, LeWinn KZ. Prenatal air pollution and childhood IQ: Preliminary evidence of effect modification by folate. Environmental research 2019. PMID: 31229778

  91. Barrett ES, Mbowe O, Thurston SW, Butts S, Wang C, Nguyen R, Bush N, Redmon JB, Sheshu S, Swan SH, Sathyanarayana S. Predictors of Steroid Hormone Concentrations in Early Pregnancy: Results from a Multi-Center Cohort. Maternal and child health journal 2019. PMID: 30659461

  92. Anand KJS, Rigdon J, Rovnaghi CR, Qin F, Tembulkar S, Bush N, LeWinn K, Tylavsky FA, Davis R, Barr DA, Gotlib IH. Measuring socioeconomic adversity in early life. Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992) 2019. PMID: 30614554

  93. Shaffer RM, Ferguson KK, Sheppard L, James-Todd T, Butts S, Chandrasekaran S, Swan SH, Barrett ES, Nguyen R, Bush N, McElrath TF, Sathyanarayana S, TIDES Study team. Maternal urinary phthalate metabolites in relation to gestational diabetes and glucose intolerance during pregnancy. Environment international 2019. PMID: 30622083

  94. Shin EK, LeWinn K, Bush N, Tylavsky FA, Davis RL, Shaban-Nejad A. Association of Maternal Social Relationships With Cognitive Development in Early Childhood. JAMA network open 2019. PMID: 30646208

  95. Bornehag CG, Lindh C, Reichenberg A, Wikström S, Unenge Hallerback M, Evans SF, Sathyanarayana S, Barrett ES, Nguyen RHN, Bush NR, Swan SH. Association of Prenatal Phthalate Exposure With Language Development in Early Childhood. JAMA pediatrics 2018. PMID: 30383084

  96. Rosen EM, van 't Erve TJ, Boss J, Sathyanarayana S, Barrett ES, Nguyen RHN, Bush NR, Milne GL, McElrath TF, Swan SH, Ferguson KK. Urinary oxidative stress biomarkers and accelerated time to spontaneous delivery. Free radical biology & medicine 2018. PMID: 30445128

  97. Bush NR, Edgar RD, Park M, MacIsaac JL, McEwen LM, Adler NE, Essex MJ, Kobor MS, Boyce WT. The biological embedding of early-life socioeconomic status and family adversity in children's genome-wide DNA methylation. Epigenomics 2018. PMID: 30351206

  98. Goodman SJ, Roubinov DS, Bush NR, Park M, Farré P, Emberly E, Hertzman C, Essex MJ, Kobor MS, Boyce WT. Children's biobehavioral reactivity to challenge predicts DNA methylation in adolescence and emerging adulthood. Developmental science 2018. PMID: 30176105

  99. Slopen N, Roberts AL, LeWinn KZ, Bush NR, Rovnaghi CR, Tylavsky F, Anand KJS. Maternal experiences of trauma and hair cortisol in early childhood in a prospective cohort. Psychoneuroendocrinology 2018. PMID: 30170311

  100. Vieten C, Laraia BA, Kristeller J, Adler N, Coleman-Phox K, Bush NR, Wahbeh H, Duncan LG, Epel E. The mindful moms training: development of a mindfulness-based intervention to reduce stress and overeating during pregnancy. BMC pregnancy and childbirth 2018. PMID: 29859038

  101. Laraia BA, Adler NE, Coleman-Phox K, Vieten C, Mellin L, Kristeller JL, Thomas M, Stotland NE, Lustig RH, Dallman MF, Hecht FM, Bush NR, de Groat CL, Epel E. Novel Interventions to Reduce Stress and Overeating in Overweight Pregnant Women: A Feasibility Study. Maternal and child health journal 2018. PMID: 29455384

  102. Eick SM, Barrett ES, van 't Erve TJ, Nguyen RHN, Bush NR, Milne G, Swan SH, Ferguson KK. Association between prenatal psychological stress and oxidative stress during pregnancy. Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology 2018. PMID: 29603338

  103. Felder JN, Roubinov D, Bush NR, Coleman-Phox K, Vieten C, Laraia B, Adler NE, Epel E. Effect of prenatal mindfulness training on depressive symptom severity through 18-months postpartum: A latent profile analysis. Journal of clinical psychology 2018. PMID: 29488628

  104. Roubinov DS, Felder JN, Vieten C, Coleman-Phox K, Laraia B, Adler N, Wilson L, Epel E, Bush NR. Maternal depressive symptoms and infant healthcare utilization: The moderating role of prenatal mindfulness. General hospital psychiatry 2018. PMID: 29361308

  105. Bush NR, Jones-Mason K, Coccia M, Caron Z, Alkon A, Thomas M, Coleman-Phox K, Wadhwa PD, Laraia BA, Adler NE, Epel ES. Effects of pre- and postnatal maternal stress on infant temperament and autonomic nervous system reactivity and regulation in a diverse, low-income population. Development and psychopathology 2017. PMID: 29162167

  106. Felder JN, Laraia B, Coleman-Phox K, Bush N, Suresh M, Thomas M, Adler N, Epel E, Prather AA. Poor Sleep Quality, Psychological Distress, and the Buffering Effect of Mindfulness Training During Pregnancy. Behavioral sleep medicine 2017. PMID: 28060531

  107. Bush NR, Allison AL, Miller AL, Deardorff J, Adler NE, Boyce WT. Socioeconomic Disparities in Childhood Obesity Risk: Association With an Oxytocin Receptor Polymorphism. JAMA pediatrics 2017. PMID: 27842184

  108. Knight AK, Craig JM, Theda C, Bækvad-Hansen M, Bybjerg-Grauholm J, Hansen CS, Hollegaard MV, Hougaard DM, Mortensen PB, Weinsheimer SM, Werge TM, Brennan PA, Cubells JF, Newport DJ, Stowe ZN, Cheong JL, Dalach P, Doyle LW, Loke YJ, Baccarelli AA, Just AC, Wright RO, Téllez-Rojo MM, Svensson K, Trevisi L, Kennedy EM, Binder EB, Iurato S, Czamara D, Räikkönen K, Lahti JM, Pesonen AK, Kajantie E, Villa PM, Laivuori H, Hämäläinen E, Park HJ, Bailey LB, Parets SE, Kilaru V, Menon R, Horvath S, Bush NR, LeWinn KZ, Tylavsky FA, Conneely KN, Smith AK. An epigenetic clock for gestational age at birth based on blood methylation data. Genome biology 2016. PMID: 27717399

  109. Sathyanarayana S, Grady R, Barrett ES, Redmon B, Nguyen RHN, Barthold JS, Bush NR, Swan SH. First trimester phthalate exposure and male newborn genital anomalies. Environmental research 2016. PMID: 27567446

  110. Leung CW, Laraia BA, Coleman-Phox K, Bush NR, Lin J, Blackburn EH, Adler NE, Epel ES. Sugary beverage and food consumption, and leukocyte telomere length maintenance in pregnant women. European journal of clinical nutrition 2016. PMID: 27302671

  111. Golemiec M, Schneider J, Boyce WT, Bush NR, Adler N, Levine JD. Layered Social Network Analysis Reveals Complex Relationships in Kindergarteners. Frontiers in psychology 2016. PMID: 26973572

  112. Quas JA, Yim IS, Oberlander TF, Nordstokke D, Essex MJ, Armstrong JM, Bush N, Obradovic J, Boyce WT. The symphonic structure of childhood stress reactivity: patterns of sympathetic, parasympathetic, and adrenocortical responses to psychological challenge. Development and psychopathology 2014. PMID: 24909883

  113. Rawdin, B., Lindqvist, D., Bush, N., Hamilton, S., Boparai, R., Makin, S., Reus, V., Mellon, S, & Wolkowitz, O.. Treatment of neurodevelopmental disorders (R. Hagerman & R. Hendren Eds.) Neurodevelopmental and Neurobiological Aspects of Major Depression 2014. PMID:

  114. Zalewski, M., Lengua, L., Fisher, P., Bush, N., Trancik, A., & Meltzoff, A.. Poverty and single parenting: Relations with preschoolers' cortisol and effortful control Infant and child development 2012. PMID:

  115. Kroenke CH, Epel E, Adler N, Bush NR, Obradovic J, Lin J, Blackburn E, Stamperdahl JL, Boyce WT. Autonomic and adrenocortical reactivity and buccal cell telomere length in kindergarten children. Psychosomatic medicine 2011. PMID: 21873585

  116. Friedman RM, Pinto A, Behar L, Bush N, Chirolla A, Epstein M, Green A, Hawkins P, Huff B, Huffine C, Mohr W, Seltzer T, Vaughn C, Whitehead K, Young CK, Alliance for the Safe, Therapeutic and Appropriate use of Residential Treatment. Unlicensed residential programs: the next challenge in protecting youth. The American journal of orthopsychiatry 2006. PMID: 16981808